What is the Glycemic Index?
The glycemic index is a measure of how "sugary" a food is. It is a scale from 0 to 100 where 100 is the glycemic index of glucose. Glucose is a simple sugar that our body uses for energy.
Foods with a high glycemic index (like white bread) have more simple sugars and significantly raise blood glucose levels. Foods with a low glycemic index (like cheese or chicken) do not raise sugar levels in the blood. Generally speaking, foods with a glycemic index in the mid-50s to mid-60s are considered average, while a glycemic index of 70 and above is considered high. Foods with a GI of less than 55 are considered to have a low glycemic index.
Why is this important? Studies suggest that low glycemic diets are healthiest. Eating low glycemic foods may lower inflammatory markers in your body and also help you feel full longer. Eating foods with a high glycemic index increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, and even acne.
To follow a low glycemic diet, choose foods rich in whole grains, vegetables, and proteins. Your body will thank you for it!